BOULDER, Colo. (AP) — Stinky fish fertilizer and two dozen law-enforcement officers kept pot smokers away from a grassy quad at the University of Colorado on Friday, but a few hundred protesters defied the crackdown and rallied on another field, where some lit up at 4:20 p.m.
It was a far cry from last year's April 20 pot celebration, when more than 10,000 people gathered on the university's Norlin Quadrangle for the annual ritual of enjoying a smoke and demonstrating for legalizing marijuana.
That made the university the scene of one of the largest campus celebrations of cannabis in the nation — a reputation that prompted university administrators to take extraordinary steps to stamp out this year's rally.
They banned unauthorized visitors from campus, and spread smelly fertilizer on the Norlin Quad and declared it off-limits. They even booked Haitian-born hip-hop star Wyclef Jean for a free concert timed to coincide with the traditional 4:20 p.m. pot gathering.
Still, they were only partially successful. A few dozen protesters veered off a sidewalk bordering the university on Friday afternoon and marched through campus, holding signs and chanting, "Roll it. Smoke it. Legalize it."
Others joined in as the marchers made their way through the campus, and after they halted on a grassy field near a science building, the crowd reached 300, with 400 more watching from the perimeter, campus police estimated.
They counted down the seconds to 4:20 p.m., let out a cheer at zero and then lit up, exhaling a collective cloud of smoke that rose over their heads.
A few police were on hand, some in SWAT gear, but they made no move to interfere. After about 15 minutes the crowd and the smoke dispersed.
Jonathan Grell, a sophomore majoring in international affairs, said he joined the rally because it "mocks America's arcane drug laws."
He said he didn't smoke Friday but has benefited from medical marijuana.
"I participated to be counted and to make my voice heard," he said.
James Moore, a graduate student in physics, said he went to the rally to protest the administration's decision to close down part of the campus.
"You can't do that," Moore said.
The campus is public property and students pay to attend, he said, and the university has no right to say, "No, you can't walk on the grass."
Administrators had argued they have the right to protect faculty, staff and students from disruption, and a judge said Thursday that the university could close its grounds to unauthorized visitors Friday.
University spokesman Bronson Hilliard said the steps the campus took were a success, measured by students being able to go to class and faculty being able to teach.
"For us the real achievement was there were not 10,000 to 12,000 people in the academic heart of our campus disrupting our fundamental operations," he said.
Marijuana smokefests at 4:20 p.m. on April 20, or 4/20, have become a counterculture ritual, with celebrants gathering from San Francisco's Golden Gate Park to New York's Greenwich Village.
In Austin, Texas, country music legend Willie Nelson helped unveil a downtown statue honoring him by singing his new song "Roll Me Up and Smoke Me When I Die."
Organizers said they didn't set the unveiling for April 20 because it was the date of the marijuana ritual, but once they realized it, they scheduled the unveiling at 4:20 p.m. in light of Nelson's openness about his marijuana use and advocacy for legalization.
Thousands of people gathered in Denver near the state Capitol for the start of a two-day marijuana rally.
Officers ticketed people they saw smoking marijuana if they did not have a state-issued card allowing them to consume marijuana for medical purposes, which is legal under state law.
Less than a handful of tickets were issued by mid-afternoon, Detective Raquel Lopez said.
A fair-like atmosphere prevailed at the Denver rally, with vendors selling munchies from food carts and one person peddling glass pipes from a suitcase.