Karate moves are all well and good, but that doesn’t change the fact that a real SWAT officer will have more tools at his or her disposal than just hands and feet. For this reason firearms handling and weapons training can and should be integrated into martial arts practice, too. In 2010, Donnell Etienne, a well-seasoned martial arts instructor, transferred over from the Merrillville (Ind.) Police Department to the Northwest Indiana Law Enforcement Academy (NILEA), and now spends a lot of time practicing martial arts in his personal life and teaching it in his profession. Etienne says there is an endless list of new techniques and counters for the curious officer to learn. Though they are all “pretty good,” says Etienne, “What I focus on and what brought me into it was the ground portion. A fight or an encounter always starts up on its feet, but what happens if you get knocked down, trip, or you step on ice or snow and it changes the game?”
When an officer is on the ground, gun retention becomes immensely important, as does a survival mindset. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu in particular emphasizes feeling comfortable fighting “off your back.” Derived from Japanese Kodokan Judo in the early 20th century, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is a combat sport and self defense system that focuses on grappling and particularly ground fighting. This can have a number of advantages for SWAT officers in heavy gear.
“I think [Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu] is a bit more popular now with the UFC (Ultimate Fighting Championship) and … the younger generation,” says Etienne. “A lot of people are practicing it; they can log onto YouTube and find moves. It comes down to basic positioning, and a lot of it is out there for the public to see.”
Sheridan cautions that although cage fighting and UFC are mainstream and easily accessible, his moves are not exactly what you’d see on TV: “A lot of times we can’t do … that stuff. Or, it’s not practical for us in law enforcement [regarding cage matches]. For a police officer to be in a prolonged conflict like that, the police officer on his or her back and being on the receiving end … elevates his ability to use force. He can go to his gun. Usually with SWAT teams we have more than one friend. And we’ve all got guns. And so when we come to a party we come armed to the teeth.
“It’s deadly serious when a SWAT team is involved. All bets are off.”
Tailoring it to fit
Etienne makes sure his lessons are easy to digest. He keeps each of his training sessions basic and makes sure to include lots of repetition. Tactical teams in particular can become easily stressed in a high-stakes situation and go into panic mode. That’s when injuries happen. “We always encourage our new recruits and even veteran officers to go out and seek additional training,” says Etienne. “The more repetition you get, the more likely you’re going to remember ... and it will come second nature if you have an encounter down the road.”
He recently taught a SWAT class for the Northwest Regional SWAT Team at Team Corral Martial Arts in Schererville, Ind. Etienne took officers from area teams through the paces of a variety of SWAT tactics and self-defense moves during his 8-hour teaching block.
“We still get officers from the area that want to receive that type of training, such as survival ground fighting and physical tactics, because some of them haven’t received it since they graduated from the academy,” says Etienne. Like anything in life it pays to remember those building blocks you learned in school; but it’s maybe more important to add-on to that experience and keep learning.
In the future Etienne wants to include more edged-weapon training. The main thing when training tactical teams in martial arts techniques, he says, is to try to break it up and combine a little bit of everything—ground fighting, standing, weapons training—to time-strapped and short-staffed teams in the hopes that students will retain something from each session.
Remember, too, that certain techniques will resonate more with SWAT than regular patrol officers. For example, tactical operations officers will have more equipment and therefore more restrictions. Gun retention drills are crucial, especially when carrying multiple weapons. Close quarter combat is also a good choice to incorporate into SWAT training. This includes not only standing and being defensive, but also being able to read body language and decipher whether that other person across from you is trained or not.
Good cardiovascular conditioning undoubtedly helps control anxiety throughout stressful altercations. Embracing martial arts can help an officer streamline the decision-making process, and build his or her confidence to react appropriately no matter the situation. It’s an all-around good fit when preparing for today’s modern battlefield.