All in all, these decisions appear to balance each other out and have loosened the ropes that bind the hands of administrations and police officers. But those binds being slacked can quickly be tightened again if internal affairs investigators and administrations abuse the discretion they are granted. The courts found in these cases that the agencies acted properly with the investigations and the outcomes. The investigations were reviewed by the judges involved in each decision and were determined to be fair and impartial. Imagine if one or both of the judges would have read the IA reports and determined that they were "head hunting"? In the dissertations drafted by both judges, it clearly indicates that one of the main things that they looked for was impartiality.