Those SWAT schools provided training, for FREE, to cops all over the three-state region for a number of years. There is no way to measure what DIDN'T HAPPEN as a result of the training those cops received. The pause at the corner, the slicing the pie, the limited penetration shooting, the firearms skills, basic crisis negotiations, weapon retention, disarming techniques, high risk stops, and a hundred other tactics that cops use to stay alive were taught, improved upon, and passed on to generations of cops in this area. And I know that it saved lives, and it made a difference.
Bean counters will always be concerned about measuring the up front costs on everything. If they can't measure it, they don't count it, and you can't measure or show your city manager the savings in lives that aren't lost. Maybe there is a price to pay up front, and maybe we have to argue, cajole or even beg for our training time, but if that's what you have to do then do it. The cost of training: a few dollars. Saving a life: priceless.