After spending months trying to infiltrate an underground website that made buying and selling drugs as easy as shopping online for a book or TV, half a dozen FBI agents shuffled into the science fiction section of a San Francisco library and grabbed a young man working on a laptop.
Authorities said Wednesday the man was Ross William Ulbricht, and they accused him of being "Dread Pirate Roberts," the once-anonymous mastermind behind the online drug marketplace known as Silk Road. Ulbricht, 29, collected tens of millions of dollars in commissions, investigators said, and twice ordered people killed in a bid to protect his empire.
The Texas native and San Francisco transplant didn't resist as he was taken into custody Tuesday at the Glen Park library branch, officials said.
In a complaint filed in New York and a parallel grand jury indictment handed down in Maryland, federal prosecutors accused him of charges including narcotics trafficking, money laundering and attempting to murder a witness.
They said his business, while operating in a dark corner of the Internet, was penetrated by undercover agents.
The FBI said Ulbricht ran Silk Road from San Francisco, where he had been living for the past year, including at a cafe not far from his former Hayes Valley home. Since at least 2011, authorities said, he had facilitated the sale of heroin, cocaine and other drugs as "Dread Pirate Roberts" -- a reference to a character in the film "The Princess Bride" who turns out to be not one man but rather a series of men passing down the title.
Sen. Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., who in 2011 asked federal agents to take down the site after it began to get media attention, applauded the arrest.
"Sayonara to Silk Road," Schumer said. "The country is safer now that this open market for lawbreaking has been shuttered."
Change in goals
Ulbricht has in the past railed against government control. After studying solar cells as a graduate student in Pennsylvania, he wrote on his LinkedIn profile that his goals had changed.
"The most widespread and systemic use of force is amongst institutions and governments, so this is my current point of effort," he said. "I am creating an economic simulation to give people a first-hand experience of what it would be like to live in a world without the systemic use of force."
That simulation, the government alleged, is Silk Road.
Federal authorities had seized the website by the time Ulbricht appeared Wednesday in U.S. District Court in San Francisco, where he was remanded into custody pending a hearing Friday. His attorney declined to comment.
The charges were the result of an investigation during which law-enforcement officials made more than 100 undercover purchases of drugs from Silk Road vendors from 10 countries, authorities said. The site itself didn't sell drugs, but connected sellers with buyers, who would generally ship items through the mail.
FBI Special Agent Christopher Tarbell described the website in an affidavit as a "sprawling black-market bazaar." Users could only access Silk Road using the Tor network -- technology that was first developed by the U.S. Navy and conceals communications. Tor browser software can be downloaded for free on the Internet.
To pay for items, buyers used Bitcoins, an anonymous digital currency with no central bank or authority. Bitcoins -- whose value plunged after news spread of Ulbricht's arrest -- aren't illegal and are used in many legitimate ways, but the FBI noted that they've been used by "cyber-criminals for money-laundering purposes."
The Silk Road site had many of the trappings of popular online retail sites, like user comments, which sought to ward off shady dealers and undercover cops. It featured wares like "amphetamine paste" and "high quality #4 heroin." One commenter wrote after making a purchase that he "had to snort almost triple the amount of this new stuff to get where I was with the old."
$1.2 billion in sales