NEW YORK (AP) — A newly proposed watchdog that would monitor the New York Police Department likely will set the stage for a showdown between city lawmakers, who have pushed for such oversight, and Mayor Michael Bloomberg, whose administration says it is unnecessary.
City Council Speaker Christine Quinn said Tuesday that lawmakers had reached a deal to install an inspector general for the nation's biggest police department. The plan was galvanized by outrage over the police department's extensive use of the tactic known as stop and frisk and its widespread spying on Muslims.
The developments come amid a federal trial over the department's use of stop and frisk, and they follow a series of stories by The Associated Press that revealed how city police systematically listened in on sermons, hung out at cafes and other public places, infiltrated colleges and photographed people as part of a broad effort to prevent terrorist attacks.
"We came to a very important agreement" on the plan for an inspector general, Quinn said by phone Tuesday evening. The monitor would be able to issue subpoenas and look broadly at police procedures and policies.
Quinn said talks also were progressing on three companion proposals to set new rules surrounding stop and frisk, including expanding protections against racial profiling.
She said she believed city council had the votes to pass the plan and override a mayoral veto, if necessary.
Civil rights and police reform advocates said they were pleased with the pact but were continuing to press for the other measures. Police unions condemned the inspector general idea as squandering resources on red tape, and the police department said it gets plenty of oversight.
"No police department in America has more oversight than the NYPD," chief police spokesman Paul Browne said in a statement.
Proposed last year, the inspector general and stop-and-frisk measures have gotten entrained in the politics of a competitive mayoral campaign. Quinn, a leading Democratic candidate, has faced pressure from civil rights and minority advocates and from some of her rivals to get the measures passed. One of them, Democratic Public Advocate Bill de Blasio, held a news conference on the inspector general issue Tuesday morning.
The ongoing stop-and-frisk trial — featuring testimony from people who said they were accosted by police while simply running out for milk or walking home from the bus — has only ratcheted up attention and raised the question of whether the court might decide to impose its own monitor. Adding to the charged backdrop, days of sometimes-violent protests erupted in Brooklyn last week after a stop ended with police shooting and killing a teen they said pulled out a gun.
"The events of last week were deeply disturbing to everyone in the city," and the trial has helped sharpen focus on stop and frisk, but intense negotiations among lawmakers and advocates were under way for weeks beforehand, Quinn said.
Not all lawmakers were in on the talks, including the Council's Public Safety Committee chairman, Peter Vallone Jr. He said Tuesday he had yet to see details of the changed proposal, which would be expected to get a vote in his committee before going to the full council. Vallone doesn't oppose the idea of an inspector general, though he's vehemently against the other three companion proposals.
They would require officers to explain why they are stopping people, to tell people when they have a right to refuse a search and to hand out business cards identifying themselves. The measures also would give people more latitude to sue over stops they considered biased.
In a key change, the inspector general would be housed within the city's existing Department of Investigation, which acts as an inspector general for many other arms of the city government, Quinn said.
The proposal originally set up a separate inspector general's office just for the NYPD, and Bloomberg's administration argued that it was both unnecessary and beyond the council's powers. Quinn said she and other lawmakers were comfortable the new plan would survive legal scrutiny.